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阅读 6229 次 历史版本 3个 创建者:Gnian (2010/8/20 16:27:09)  最新编辑:自知 (2010/8/23 23:06:50)
小尔雅
同义词条:《小尔雅》,《小雅》,小雅
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阅读《小尔雅》,请点击《小尔雅》目录

  《小尔雅》,是中国雅学史上第一部增广《尔雅》之作,是中国的第二部训诂专书。《小尔雅》成书较早,《汉书·艺文志》就载有“《小尔雅》一篇”。《小尔雅》久以亡佚。现存的本子是从《孔丛子》第十一篇抄出别行,已经与《艺文志》所述不同。常见的有明胡文焕校刊本、明武林堂策槛刊本、清嘉庆九年重刊本、徐北溟据唐石经校乾隆刊本、卢文弨抱经堂丛书校刊本等。明郎奎金辑的《五雅全书》也收录了《小尔雅》。

内容


  《小尔雅》,一卷,又名《小雅》,全书十三篇。分别是《广诂》、《广言》、《广训》、《广义》、《广名》、《广服》、《广器》、《广物》、《广鸟》、《广兽》、《广度》、《广量》、《广衡》。

  本书涉及诂训的名物,共有三百七十四件,很多地方补充了《尔雅》的不足。也有一些古义旧制不见于其他古书而独存于《小尔雅》的。《小尔雅》收字不多,连说解不足万言,但保存了不少汉语早期词汇资料,对研究古汉语和经籍训诂有重要参考价值。乾嘉以后,此书才渐渐受到重视。《小尔雅》最古的注本是东晉李轨的注本。《隋唐˙经籍志》有李轨《小尔雅解》一卷,今已不存。清代作注的有数家,主要的有宋翔凤《小尔雅训纂》六卷,胡承珙《小尔雅义证》十三卷,大多汲取经传训解,互相参证。其他还有葛其仁的《小尔雅疏证》五卷,朱骏声《小尔雅约注》一卷、任兆麟《小尔雅注》八卷、王熙《小尔雅义疏》八卷等,可作参考。

作者


  关于《小尔雅》的作者,一说是后人纂辑而成书。第二种说法,认为《小尔雅》是三国魏王肃所伪造。第三种说法认为《小尔雅》是古小学之遗书而采入《孔丛子》的。清胡承珙、王熙、朱骏声、任兆麟等均确信此说。

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