網絡百科新概念
提示
 正文中的藍色文字是詞條,點擊藍色文字可進入該詞條頁面;
 正文中的紅色文字是尚待創建的詞條,點擊紅色文字可進入創建詞條頁面;
 歡迎參與詞條創建或編輯修改!人人為我,我為人人。共同建設中文百科在線,共創知識文明!
zwbkorg
關註微信,獲取更多資訊
阅读 22178 次 历史版本 12个 创建者:又是一年芳草绿 (2010/2/19 5:47:27)  最新编辑:5月桂湖 (2011/5/31 0:45:00)
長江
拼音:cháng jiāng
英文:Yangtze River;Changjiang River
目錄[ 隱藏 ]
  長江(古稱江、大江等),位於中國境内,全長6,380公里,發源於中國青海唐古拉山脈各拉丹冬雪山西南側,是中國、亞洲第一和世界第三大(同時也是長)河流,其長度僅次於尼羅河亞馬遜河,超過地球半徑。長江幹流流經青海西藏四川雲南重慶湖北湖南江西安徽江蘇上海11個省、自治區、直轄市,於崇明島以東注入東海
長江水系示意圖(點擊放大)

  長江幹流自西而東横貫中國中部。數百條支流輻輳南北,延伸至貴州甘肅陝西河南廣西廣東浙江福建8個省、自治區的部分地區。長江流域面積達180萬平方公里,約占中國陸地總面積的1/5。淮河大部分水量也通過大運河匯入長江。

  長江是中國水量最豐富的河流,水資源總量9616億立方米,約占全國河流徑流總量的36%,爲黄河的20倍。與長江流域所處緯度帶相似的南美洲巴拉那—拉普拉塔河和北美洲密西西比河,流域面積雖然都超過長江,水量卻遠比長江少,前者約爲長江的70%,後者約爲長江的60%。

長江源頭


  長江源流主要有沱沱河當曲楚瑪爾河三支,其中沱沱河爲長江正源。沱沱河全長358公里,發源於唐古拉山脈主峰,海拔6621米的各拉丹冬雪山西南側。穿過雪山與穀地,出唐古拉山區後北流,切開祖爾肯烏拉山較低的山崗,至葫蘆湖附近再往東流,於囊極巴隴附近接納右岸支流當曲後,之後便是通天河。通天河自當曲口至青海省玉樹縣巴塘河口,長813公里。
青海唐古拉山長江源頭的冰川

  《禹貢》中提到:“岷山導江,東别爲沱。”後人自此以爲岷山爲長江源頭。自漢代一直到唐宋乃至明代,人們普遍認爲岷江爲長江源頭。《漢書·地理志》曾對金沙江描述更進一步,明確指出其是長江一條支流。北魏酈道元在《水經注》中對長江上游的許多河流都進行了詳細描述,尤其是金沙江。此後的著作中對金沙江上游不斷推遠。明代徐霞客對金沙江和岷江實地考察後寫下著名的《江源考》,在文中對岷江源頭說提出了明確質疑。最後他自己做出判斷:“推江源者,必當以金沙江爲首。”清代康熙年間繪制的《康熙内府輿圖》繪出了通天河和木魯烏蘇河,並指出木魯烏蘇河爲通天河最遠的一源。乾隆年間齊召南的《水道提綱》中進一步指出通天河即爲金沙江上源。同時文中較爲全面的描述了尕爾曲、沱沱河、當曲、冬曲和楚瑪爾河。長江最上源河流情況基本清楚,但沒有進一步指明到底哪一條爲主源。

 
數億噸沿岸泥沙被水沖走,古森林急劇減少;長江里的白鰭豚、中華鱘、刀魚等可能滅絕;長江生命力在消失……專家們呐喊:如果再不及時保護長江,十年内長江就可能變成第二條黄河!
 民國年間,有人對江源進行考察,其結果見於1946年版的《中國地理概論》,書中寫道:“上游青海境内有南北兩源,南源曰木魯烏蘇,北源曰楚瑪爾。”1976年夏中國江源考察隊得出了:“長江三源說:沱沱河雖與當曲長度相當,但沱沱河流向顺直,位置居中,爲正源,當曲水流量和流域面積均遠大於沱沱河,可稱南源,楚瑪爾河横貫江源地區北部,流域面積較大,可稱北源。”1986年長江科學考察漂流探險隊對江源進行了一次考察,主張當曲應爲正源。經過幾次考察,長江出現了“一源”、“兩源”、“三源”諸說。

  2008年9月6日,由青海省政府組織,國家測繪局指導,武漢大學測繪學院技術支持,青海省測繪局負責實施的“三江源頭科學考察”項目啟動,科考隊隊長爲青海測繪局副局長唐千里,首席科學家是中科院遙感應用所的研究員劉少創,兩院院士孫樞陳俊勇加盟。此次大規模科學考察活動,曆經41天,行程7300多公里。本次科考采用的確定河源的標准與方法是:“按照國際上河流正源確定的三個標准,即‘河源唯長’、‘流量唯大’、‘與主流方向一致’的標准,同時考慮流域面積,河流發育期、歷史習慣”。根據這次科考,當曲且曲源頭應爲長江源頭。這次科考以當曲與沱沱河的交匯處囊極巴隴爲起算點,當曲最長的源頭——且曲長度爲360.34千米,比沱沱河最長的支流尕恰迪如冰川末端的長度348.63千米長11.71千米,比沱沱河支流薑古迪如冰川末端的長度343.72千米長16.62千米。同時,當曲的流量和流域面積均大於沱沱河,歷史上人類在長江源區的活動也以當曲年代爲久,歷史記錄爲多。因此,當曲的且曲源頭應爲長江源頭。且曲發源於青藏高原唐古拉山脈東段北支5054米無名台地東北處,行政隸屬爲青海省玉樹藏族自治州雜多結多鄉

上游段


 
通天河
 長江自江源各拉丹冬峰(海拔6621m)西南側的薑根迪如南支冰川開始,冰川融水與尕恰迪如崗雪山東南一交融水相會合,稱納欽曲。往北穿過古冰川槽穀,出唐古拉山區與切蘇美曲匯合後,稱沱沱河。河穀開闊,汊流發育呈辮狀,北流至祖爾肯烏拉山區,摺轉東流,旁蝕發展,寬淺多汊,變化不定,爲典洲的寬穀游盪型河流。至囊極巴隴附近,當曲從右岸匯人後,始稱通天河

  通天河向東南流河床逐漸束窄,兩岸山嶺相對高差可達500m左右,河穀呈寬“V”字形。登艾龍曲口以下入峽穀區,河槽歸一,水深增加。至青海直門達,長江幹流沱沱河和通大河全長1180km。

  江源西部地區,人蹟罕至,有“無人區”之稱。東部人口稍多,居民主要爲藏族,從事畜牧業玉樹附近始有農業林業

  直門達以下稱金沙江,南流至雲南麗江石鼓,爲金沙江上段,長958km,平均比降千分之1.76,區間流域面積爲7.6×104平方米。本段爲典型的深穀河段,相對高差可達2500km以上,除局部河段爲寬穀外,大部分爲峽穀。兩岸人煙稀少,經濟落後,礦產資源有雲母石棉等,大部分未開發。森林主要分布在玉樹以下。水能理論蘊藏量達1306×104kw,由於地勢險峻,交通不便,高原氣候惡劣,尚未開發利用。

  石鼓至四川宜賓爲金沙江下段,横跨川滇兩省間,全長1326km,落差1570m,平均比降千分之1.2‰,區間流域面積26.8×104平方公里。
金沙江峽穀

  南流的金沙江過石鼓後急轉彎流向東北,形成“長江第一彎”,然後穿過擧世聞名的虎跳峽大峽穀,南北兩岸爲海拔50000餘m的玉龍雪山哈巴雪山。峰穀高差達3000餘m。峽穀全長17km,落差210m,平均比降1.24%,是金沙江落差最集中的河段。水落河口以下,又複南流至金沙街再摺轉向東,兩岸山嶺稍低,河穀有所展寬,但峰穀之間高差仍達1000m左右。

  石鼓至宜賓河段是我國第一大水電基地,水量豐沛,多年平均水量1455×108m3,約占宜昌站的l/3,加上落差大,水能資源豐富,水能理論蘊藏量4231×104kw,約占長江於流蘊藏量的46%。支流雅礱江上的二灘水電站,裝機容量330×104kw,是全國在建已發電的最大水電站。

  長江自宜賓至宜昌河段通稱川江,流經四川湖北兩省,全長1040㎞,平均比降約0.2‰,區間流域面積約50×104平方㎞。有岷江沱江嘉陵江烏江四大支流匯入。

  奉節至宜昌200餘㎞河段,爲峰巒叠障、雄偉壯麗的長江三峽,擧世矚目的三峽水利樞紐興建在西陵峽中。

中游段


  湖北宜昌江西湖口爲長江中游段,長955㎞。長江自宜昌以下,即進人長江中下游平原,河床坡降小,水流平緩,沿江兩岸均築有堤防,並有眾多大小湖泊與河網。

  
荆江大堤
湖北枝城湖南城陵礬河段稱荆江。其中枝城至藕池口爲上荆江,長約175㎞,屬一般性彎曲型河道,洲灘汊河發育;藕池口至城陵礬爲下荆江,長約162㎞,屬典型的蜿蜒型河道,素有“九曲回腸”之稱。荆江以北爲地勢低平的江漢平原,汛期全靠平均高10餘m的荆江大堤抵禦長江洪水;荆江南岸有松滋太平藕池調弦(已堵塞)4口分長江水入洞庭湖,水道繁雜,長期以來,又受長江從上游挾帶來的泥沙沉積影響,河湖淤淺,荆江兩岸地勢“南高北低”,婉蜒的荆江河床泄洪不暢,防洪形勢非常嚴峻,故有“萬里長江,險在荆江”之說。城陵礬以下至湖口,河道分汊頻繁,主流擺動,航槽變遷,給航行帶來不便。
洞庭湖是中國的第二大淡水湖,跨湖南湖北兩省,它北連長江,南接湘、資、沅、酆四水,號稱“八百里洞庭”

  長江中游段大支流較多,南岸有清江洞庭湖水系的湘江資水沅江澧水鄱陽湖水系的贛江撫河信江饒河修水;北岸有漢江

  長江中游氣候溫和,土壤肥沃,光熱資源充足,盛產水稻棉花、油料、茶葉、水果等,是我國重要的農業生產基地。鄱陽湖、洞庭湖等大小湖泊水產豐富。礦產資源以石膏等著名。水資源水力資源也較豐富,在支流上已建成沅江五強溪、清江隔河岩、漢江丹江口、湘江東江、贛江萬安等大型水利樞紐。

  長江中游航運條件優越,内河航運發達,武漢以下可通行5000t級船舶,臨湘以下可通行3000t級船舶。漢江、湘江、贛江擁有較重要的支流航道。 

下游段


  湖口以下至長江口爲下游段。下游段江闊水深,多洲灘,河道分汊呈藕節狀。江陰以下河段,河寬從1.4㎞至徐六涇寬5.7㎞,再
崇明島及長江入海口示意圖
向東南至崇明島以東的長江口寬達90㎞,呈喇叭形。安徽大通以下600㎞受潮汐影響,是坍岸最嚴重的河段。長江每年挾帶4.8×108t泥沙至河口,因流速平緩和受海潮頂托影響而沉積,形成沙洲、沙壩,使河日淤淺成“攔門沙”,河道分汊,兩岸形成沙嘴,河口三角洲陸地向大海伸展。長江口河道在徑流、海潮、泥沙和地轉偏向力諸多因素的影響下,及由此引起局部河床的沖淤變化,均會導致河道經常演變,長江主汛道南北往複擺動,給海運事業帶來不利影響。長江口河道被崇明島分隔爲南支和北支,南支又被長興島横沙島分隔爲南港和北港,南港再被九段沙分隔成南槽和北槽。目前,長江口主汛已由原來的南支——南港——南槽演變爲南支——南港——北槽。

  長江下游段的主要支流有:南岸的青戈江水陽江秦淮河黄浦江;北岸的巢湖水系、滁河淮河人江水道(通過蘇北里運河)。

  長江下游地區是長江流域和全國的精華地區,農業集約化程度高,工業基礎雄厚,科技文化先進,智力資源豐富,城鎮化程度高,水陸交通發達。上海中國最大的工業城市和外貿港口,將建成中國最大的國際經濟金融貿易中心。上海港口吞吐量已達1×108t以上。

  長江下游兩岸平原湖泊窪地廣闊,高程一般低於洪水位4~10m,靠堤防保護。每當汛期暴雨積水,長江又承接上、中游洪水和下游支流洪水,水位居高不下,易造成外洪内澇。沿海一帶若遇台風暴雨潮汐同時襲擊,災害更爲嚴重。因此,防洪排澇工程建設是下游地區人民生產生活的重要保障。

流域分界


 
長江
長江
 長江流域的界線,北以巴顏喀拉山西傾山岷山秦嶺伏牛山桐柏山大别山淮陽丘陵等與黄河淮河流域爲界;南以横斷山脈雲嶺雞足山、滇中東西向山嶺、烏蒙山苗嶺南嶺等與瀾滄江元江紅河)和珠江流域爲界;東南以武夷山黄山天目山等與閩浙水系爲界;長江源頭地區的北部以昆崙山柴達木盆地内陸水系爲界,西部以可可西里山烏蘭烏拉山祖爾肯烏拉山尕恰迪如崗雪山群與藏北羌塘内陸水系爲界,南部以唐古拉山怒江流域爲界;長江三角洲北部,地形平坦,水網密布,與淮河流域間的分界很難劃分,通常以通颺運河爲界,其南部沿杭嘉湖平原南側丘陵與錢塘江流域分界。

  上述分界勾繪出的長江流域輪廓,很像一個兩端較窄、中部寬闊的大菱角。整個流域位於東經90度33’~122度25’、北緯24度30’~35度45’之間,從西到東直線距離在3000㎞以上,南北寬度除江源和長江三角洲地區外,一般均達1000㎞左右。

  長江與相鄰流域的分水界線,大部分比較明顯、顺直,但有一些地段的山嶺,時斷時續,溝穀交錯;有些是地勢坦闊、山嶺低平的高原;有些是山嶺走向與河流平行或斜交——這些地區的分水界線都不太明顯。

  在溝穀交錯、山川平行或斜交的地段,分水嶺地勢低矮,形成埡口,兩側河穀靠近,自古以來,人們就利用這些天然通道,發展陸路交通,開鑿人工運河,使長江與相鄰流域相溝通。這種地形也爲今後跨流域引水和建設現代運河創造了有利條件。

長江流域自然景觀


  在中國綜合自然區劃中,長江流域分屬華中區、西南區和青藏區。沿四川盆地西部邊緣,北至秦嶺,南接雲貴兩省交界的連線以東,包括中國大陸地勢第二級階梯的四川盆地、貴州高原、陝南、江南丘陵和第三級階梯的長江中下游平原屬華中區;自第二級階梯四川西昌九龍木里雲南中甸、奔於欄連線以南,包括雲南北部和四川涼山彝族自治州爲西南區;西南區以北,包括四川甘孜藏族自治州阿壩藏族羌族自治州青海玉樹藏族自治州通天河流域,直至江源地區,屬中國大陸地勢第一級階梯——青藏區。
  

華中區


  處在中國南方往北方的過渡地帶,屬亞熱帶季風氣候。1月平均氣溫在0℃以上,河流土壤基本不凍結,冬夏季風交替,年降水量約1000㎜,四季分明。冬季四川盆地、貴州高原尤其溫暖濕潤;東部長江中下游地區,北無高山阻隔,受寒潮南下影響,氣溫較同緯度偏低。春季相對多雨。夏季高溫高濕,武漢重慶南京爲著名的“三大火鑪”,利於喜溫的水稻等作物生長,梅雨現象突出,暴雨集中,易產生洪澇。秋季秋高氣爽,但常有秋旱發生。本區地貌類型多種多樣,西有肥沃的“紫色盆地”四川和喀斯特地形廣泛發育的貴州高原;南有南嶺和山清水秀的江南丘陵;北有秦嶺大别山桐柏山諸山組成的淮陽山地;中有湖泊眾多、河網交織、阡陌縱横的“魚米之鄉”長江中下游平原。區内名山大川匯聚,名勝古蹟廣布,旅游資源豐富。濕潤的亞熱帶常綠闊葉林爲本區主要景觀,有青岡、拷、樟、榕、冬青等屬樹種和馬尾松林、竹林等,一年四季,水綠山青。土壤大部爲紅壤、黄壤和山地黄棕壤。平原河穀與盆地廣泛分布着經過長期耕種、灌水、熟化而形成的水稻土。北部大别山、桐柏山一帶爲常綠闊葉與落葉闊葉混交林,土壤爲黄棕壤。成都平原江漢平原洞庭湖鄱陽湖太湖一帶湖濱平原均爲重要的商品糧、棉、油基地;四川盆地和江南、江北丘陵區梯田層叠,塘堰、水庫星羅棋布。北部小麥油菜水稻一年兩熟;南部水稻一年兩熟,冬小麥或油菜、雙季稻也可一年三熟。區内盛產棉、麻、茶、桑、蠶、毛竹、柑桔、油菜、油桐等經濟作物經濟林,又是中國淡水魚和各類水產的主要產地。
  

西南區


  川滇兩省接壤的金沙江兩岸是海拔2000m左右的滇中高原。紅色岩系風化侵蝕後形成平緩的丘陵,受新構造運動影響,斷裂下陷的一系列盆地與丘陵相間分布,構成高原地貌一大特色。金沙江幹流的支流下游,往往下切劇烈,峽穀深邃,江水洶湧。本區氣候夏半年爲西南季風控制,冬半年受熱帶大陸氣團影響,一年幹濕兩季分明。冬短,無夏,春秋長,“四季如春”。由於降水量的80%~90%集中在5~10月,冬春幹旱突出,背風的河穀地帶尤甚。植被亞熱帶幹性常綠闊葉林。土壤爲紅壤。農作物主要有水稻、小麥、玉米茶葉烤煙等。本區西部爲著名的横斷山脈區,地形起伏大,嶺穀之間高差懸殊,上下氣候迥然不同,緯度地帶性規律被複雜的地形所打破,自然景觀呈垂直變化,俗稱:“一山有四季,十里不同天”。從幹熱的穀底到高山頂部,植被、土壤依次可爲:稀樹草叢——褐紅壤;常綠闊葉林——紅壤;針閥混交林、針葉林——山地棕壤;高山灌叢草甸——高山草甸土;更高的山上還會出現墊狀植被——寒漠土;雪線以上爲冰川積雪帶。河穀兩岸水稻可一年三熟,並能種植一些熱帶經濟作物,山上適宜農林牧多種經營。
 

青藏區


  長江流域江源部分在“世界屋脊”——青藏高原的中部和東部,地勢高亢,地面海拔達5000m左右,向東緩緩傾斜,至四川阿壩附近降至海拔3200m左右。高原開闊,大部分地表起伏和緩,切割輕微,山嶺渾圓呈丘崗狀,相對高度僅數百米。山嶺之間鑲嵌着寬穀和盆地,河流坡降小,水流散亂,時分時合,形成辮狀水系。穀坡、河灘牧草茂盛,排水不暢處,沼澤濕地廣布。高原南部和東南邊緣,因河流強烈下切,形成高山深峽或中山峽穀,切割破碎。高原上空氣稀薄,大氣幹潔,太陽輻射強烈,氣溫低,年較差小,日較差大,降水較少,楚瑪爾河上游年降水量僅200mm左右,向東南逐漸遞增,至馬爾康一帶可達800mm。夏半年受西南季風影響,東南邊緣受東南季風尾閭影響,降水均集中夏季。江源一帶夏季降水仍以冰雪爲主,海拔5800m以上終年積雪,發育現代冰川。東部貢嘎山東坡海拔4900m以上終年積雪,有現代冰川。昆崙山脈唐古拉山脈之間寬達550km範圍内,分布着深厚的永久凍土,是世界上中低緯度海拔最高、面積最廣的凍土區,寒凍風化和融凍作用十分普遍。高原植被稀疏,多沙礫或基岩裸露,屬高寒荒漠

  高寒草原或草甸草原景觀,草原遼闊,是長江流域最廣闊的牧業區。青海玉樹藏族自治州西部江源一帶,地勢高寒,“四季如冬”,無農業,爲純牧業區,牧放的藏羊、犛牛可達海拔5500m,是世界放牧最高的地區,並有藏羚藏原羚(黄羊)、野驢野犛牛旱獺黑頸鶴白唇鹿等特有及稀有野生動物分布。


    6
    1
    申明:1.中文百科在线的词条资料来自网友(一些人是某学科领域的专家)贡献,供您查阅参考。一些和您切身相关的具体问题(特别是健康、经济、法律相关问题),出于审慎起见,建议咨询专业人士以获得更有针对性的答案。2.中文百科的词条(含所附图片)系由网友上传,如果涉嫌侵权,请与客服联系,我们将及时给予删除。3.如需转载本页面内容,请注明来源于www.zwbk.org

    词条保护申请

  • * 如果用户不希望该词条被修改,可以申请词条保护
    * 管理员审核通过后,该词条会被设为不能修改

    注意:只有该词条的创建者才能申请词条保护

    评论评论内容为网友展开的讨论,与本站观点立场无关[去知识社区发起新话题]

  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/12 14:14:55 发表
  • Thanks a lot for providing individuals with such a special chance to check tips from here. It can be very ideal and also packed with fun for me personally and my office fellow workers to visit your blog at a minimum three times a week to study the new stuff you will have. And definitely, I'm also at all times motivated considering the tremendous knowledge you give. Certain 1 points in this posting are absolutely the most impressive we've had.
    christian louboutin shoes http://www.louboutinsho
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/11 12:33:16 发表
  • I am just writing to make you understand of the terrific experience my princess encountered checking your web site. She discovered lots of things, which include what it is like to have an ideal giving style to make a number of people with ease learn several grueling things. You really surpassed visitors' expectations. I appreciate you for offering such good, safe, revealing and in addition cool tips on that topic to Kate.
    moncler jackets http://www.monclerjackets.us
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/10 8:24:50 发表
  • I happen to be writing to make you know what a impressive discovery my wife's child obtained viewing the blog. She mastered such a lot of things, which included how it is like to have an amazing giving mood to make other folks quite simply fully grasp various hard to do topics. You undoubtedly did more than visitors' expected results. I appreciate you for delivering those insightful, safe, revealing and also easy tips about the topic to Evelyn.
    jordan retro 12 http://www.jordan12.us.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/9 5:12:33 发表
  • I as well as my buddies were checking the best solutions on the blog and so quickly I got a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to you for those strategies. The people had been certainly glad to see all of them and already have very much been enjoying those things. Thanks for really being simply helpful and also for using such incredibly good resources most people are really desirous to understand about. My very own honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.
    adid
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/8 0:51:08 发表
  • Thank you for all of your efforts on this web site. My mother really likes doing internet research and it's really easy to understand why. A number of us notice all about the dynamic way you deliver practical tips and tricks via the web blog and as well as foster contribution from some other people on that theme so my princess has been starting to learn a lot. Have fun with the remaining portion of the year. You are always conducting a really good job.
    yeezy shoes http://www.yeezy-shoes.org.
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/6 19:59:38 发表
  • I have to get across my appreciation for your generosity in support of persons that need assistance with in this issue. Your personal dedication to passing the solution around had been really productive and have continually encouraged somebody like me to reach their dreams. Your personal useful help and advice means a lot to me and even more to my peers. Thanks a lot; from all of us.
    coach handbags http://www.coachoutletsfactory.com
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/6 16:30:33 发表
  • I precisely desired to thank you very much once again. I'm not certain the things that I could possibly have made to happen in the absence of the entire solutions shown by you directly on my subject. It had become a terrifying scenario in my position, nevertheless seeing the very expert form you resolved that made me to leap over delight. Extremely happier for this information and then expect you really know what a powerful job that you're carrying out instructing the mediocre ones using your we
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/5 21:48:06 发表
  • I just wanted to compose a simple word so as to appreciate you for all of the awesome tips and hints you are placing at this website. My extensive internet research has at the end of the day been compensated with wonderful tips to exchange with my friends and classmates. I would point out that we visitors are undoubtedly endowed to be in a good website with very many perfect professionals with good advice. I feel extremely fortunate to have discovered your site and look forward to many more exce
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/3 12:33:08 发表
  • I have to show my thanks to you just for rescuing me from this particular trouble. As a result of looking out through the the web and obtaining tricks which were not helpful, I was thinking my entire life was over. Living without the presence of answers to the difficulties you have solved through the article content is a serious case, as well as the ones which may have in a negative way damaged my career if I hadn't come across the website. Your good skills and kindness in touching all things wa
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/2 8:23:03 发表
  • My wife and i ended up being quite lucky Albert managed to deal with his analysis through the entire precious recommendations he came across from your site. It is now and again perplexing just to possibly be handing out thoughts that people might have been selling. And now we realize we need the blog owner to thank for that. The most important explanations you made, the straightforward web site navigation, the friendships you can assist to instill - it's got many sensational, and it's making ou
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/3/1 5:59:22 发表
  • I simply wished to thank you very much again. I'm not certain the things I might have handled in the absence of the entire aspects documented by you over such a subject matter. Completely was a real alarming matter in my position, however , seeing your professional manner you resolved that took me to jump for fulfillment. I'm just grateful for your information as well as believe you realize what an amazing job you happen to be providing teaching many people using your webpage. I am certain you h
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/2/28 6:28:49 发表
  • I would like to express my thanks to the writer just for rescuing me from this particular condition. Because of looking throughout the online world and obtaining notions which are not pleasant, I was thinking my life was well over. Living without the presence of solutions to the difficulties you've solved through the blog post is a crucial case, as well as the kind that could have in a negative way affected my entire career if I hadn't discovered the website. Your own mastery and kindness in con
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/2/28 0:53:35 发表
  • I not to mention my buddies happened to be examining the excellent information from your web site and quickly came up with a terrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those techniques. The men are actually for that reason warmed to see them and have in effect unquestionably been using them. Appreciate your indeed being simply thoughtful and also for having such fantastic ideas most people are really desperate to be aware of. My personal honest regret for not expressi
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/2/27 6:26:19 发表
  • I not to mention my buddies happened to be taking note of the nice secrets from your web blog then before long I got a horrible feeling I never expressed respect to the web site owner for those secrets. All of the women ended up absolutely happy to read all of them and have now without a doubt been tapping into those things. Many thanks for indeed being quite kind and for opting for certain really good guides millions of individuals are really needing to understand about. My very own sincere reg
  • 172.16.32.*在 2019/2/26 6:25:46 发表
  • I just wanted to compose a note in order to thank you for the wonderful information you are posting here. My time consuming internet lookup has finally been rewarded with really good content to exchange with my classmates and friends. I 'd point out that we site visitors are undeniably blessed to live in a decent community with many brilliant professionals with valuable concepts. I feel very privileged to have encountered your web pages and look forward to so many more excellent moments readin
  • 更多评论
联系我们意见反馈帮助中心免责声明
Copyright © 2010 zwbk.org 中文百科在线 All rights reserved.京ICP证090285号