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阅读 3572 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:zc_zhouchao (2018/3/19 13:15:04)  最新编辑:zc_zhouchao (2018/3/19 13:15:04)
诃风子
目录[ 隐藏 ]

中药名

诃子 hezi

别名

诃黎勒、诃黎、随风子、诃梨。

英文名

Chebulae Fructus。

来源

使君子科植物诃子Terminalia chebula Retz.的成熟果实。

植物形态

乔木。树皮暗褐色,有纵裂。单叶互生或近对生,叶片卵形或椭圆形至长椭圆形,两面密被细瘤点。穗状花序顶生或腋生,常排成圆锥花序;花两性,萼管杯状,无花瓣;雄蕊10枚,着生于萼筒上,花药黄色,心形;子房下位,1室,圆柱状,被毛,花柱长。核果椭圆形或倒卵形,表面灰黄色或黄褐色,粗糙;种子1粒。花期5月,果期7~9月。

产地分布

生于海拔800~1540米的疏林中,或阳坡林缘。分布于广东、海南、广西、云南等地。

采收加工

于秋、冬季果实成熟时采收,除去杂质,晒干。

药材性状

长圆形或卵圆形。表面黄棕色或暗棕色,略具光泽,质坚实。果肉黄棕色或黄褐色。果核浅黄色,粗糙,坚硬。种子狭长纺锤形,种皮黄棕色,子叶白色。无臭,味酸涩后甜。

性味归经

性平,味苦、酸、涩。归肺经、大肠经。

功效与作用

涩肠敛肺、降水利咽。属收涩药下属分类的敛肺涩肠药。

临床应用

用量3~9克,内服煎汤。用治久泻久痢、便血脱肛、肺虚喘咳、久嗽不止、咽痛音哑。

药理研究

抗氧化;抑菌;对平滑肌有解痉等作用。药理实验表明,水煎剂对痢疾杆菌、绿脓杆菌、白喉杆菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、大肠杆菌、肺炎球菌、变形杆菌、鼠伤寒杆菌有抑制作用。

化学成分

含鞣质、诃子酸、原诃子酸、并没食子酸、鞣料云实精等成分。

使用禁忌

凡外邪未解,内有湿热火邪者忌服。

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