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阅读 10537 次 历史版本 1个 创建者:月上枝头抽筋 (2012/3/12 10:37:17)  最新编辑:月上枝头抽筋 (2012/3/12 11:10:03)
桑纳托斯
拼音:Sāng Nà Tuō Sī(sāngnàtuōsī)
英文:Thanatos
同义词条:撒那特斯,塔纳托斯,塔那托斯
目录[ 隐藏 ]
  桑纳托斯(拉丁文:Θανατος/英文:Thanatos“死亡”)是希腊神话中死亡的拟人化神,罗马神话中的Mors,他是诺克斯的儿子,睡神许普诺斯(Hypnos)的孪生兄弟,其母为黑夜女神尼克斯(Nyx), 所以在诗歌中,桑纳托斯被称为“睡眠的兄长和黑夜的子嗣”。

 

古希腊神话中的死神


  桑纳托斯在神话中很少出现,其地位很大程度上被冥王哈迪斯所取代。艺术作品中,他通常被描绘成手拿蝴蝶、花环或者倒举着火把的年轻人,可能具有双翼,皮带上系着剑。也有描述为身披黑斗篷、鬓生双翼、留着胡须,手持一把奇异宝剑或者熄灭的火炬。他心如铁石,仇恨众神,是唯一不喜欢接受礼物的神祗。是属于鬼神刻瑞斯(Ceres)之类。
 

桑纳托斯与西西佛斯的恩怨


  桑纳托斯曾经被狡猾的西西佛斯欺骗过,西西弗斯是风神埃俄洛斯的儿子,他的机智令他囤积了大量财富,当他感到桑纳托斯差不多来时,他就蒙骗桑纳托斯令死神自己带上手铐,结果地上再没有人进入冥国,人们停止对冥王哈迪斯进行献祭宙斯命战神阿瑞斯去西西佛斯那里释放桑纳托斯,桑纳托斯立即摄走西西佛斯的灵魂,西西佛斯临死前叫妻子不要对冥王作献祭,冥王哈迪斯及冥后佩尔塞福涅等不到献祭,西西佛斯就希望冥王放自己回人间,叫妻子作献祭后再回来。然而,西西佛斯并没有依约回到冥界,这激怒了哈迪斯,哈得斯再派桑纳托斯去摄走西西佛斯的灵魂,这次西西佛斯无法再重返人间了。

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