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阅读 17379 次 历史版本 0个 创建者:于归 (2012/2/13 13:28:14)  最新编辑:于归 (2012/2/13 13:28:14)
君山(贾至 唐诗)
拼音:jun1 shān (jiǎ zhì táng shī )
目录[ 隐藏 ]
  湘中老人读黄老,手援紫藟坐碧草。
  春至不知湖水深,日暮忘却巴陵道。

作者简介

   贾至(?~772) ,唐代文学家。字幼邻,一作幼几。洛阳(今属河南)人。天宝初以校书郎为单父尉,与高□、独孤及等交游。天宝末任中书舍人。安史乱起,随玄宗奔四川。乾元元年(758)春,出为汝州刺史,后贬岳州司马,与李白相遇,有诗酬唱。代宗宝应元年(762),复为中书舍人,官终散骑常侍。
 
  贾至以文著称当时,甚受中唐古文作家独孤及、梁肃等推崇。其父贾曾和他都曾为朝廷掌执文笔。玄宗受命册文为贾曾所撰,而传位册文则是贾至手笔。玄宗赞叹"两朝盛典出卿家父子手,可谓继美"(《新唐书·贾至传》)。他所撰册文,当时誉为"历历如西汉时文"(李舟《独孤常州集序》)。韩愈弟子唐皇甫□说:"贾常侍之文,如高冠华簪,曳裾鸣玉,立于廊庙,非法不言,可以望为羽仪,资以道义。"(《谕业》)指出了贾文典雅华瞻的风格特点。
 
   贾至与当时著名诗人、作家有广泛交游,也有诗名。其诗风格如其文。《自蜀奉册命往朔方途中呈韦左相》陈述途中感慨,"直叙时事,煌煌大文"(沈德潜《唐诗别裁》),而与王维、杜甫、岑参一起唱和的《早朝大明宫呈两省僚友》则高华工整,得意歌颂。但在贬岳州后,诗风变化。《初至巴陵与李十二白裴九同泛洞庭湖》三首,词句清丽,意境悠远。《寓言二首》更以芳草美人寄喻遭际不遇,古雅而有风骨。所以杜甫曾称其诗"雄笔映千古"(《别唐十五诫因寄礼部贾侍郎》)。
 
  《新唐书·艺文志》著录《贾至集》20卷,《别集》15卷,已佚。《全唐诗》存诗1卷,《全唐文》存文3卷。事迹见新、旧《唐书》本传。

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