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阅读 20421 次 历史版本 3个 创建者:凡懿 (2011/3/17 10:19:00)  最新编辑:凡懿 (2012/3/5 16:09:12)
如意轮观音
拼音:Rúyìlún Guānyīn(Ruyilun Guanyin)
英文:Ruyi wheel guanyin
同义词条:如意轮观音菩萨,如意轮,意轮观世音菩萨,如意轮王菩萨,振多摩尼,如意珠轮
目录[ 隐藏 ]
 
如意轮观音
          如意轮观音
 
  如意轮观音(梵名Cintamani-cakra),音译为振多摩尼,意译为如意珠轮。如意轮观音一手持如意宝珠,象片能生世间与出成间的二种财宝,以布施众生;一手持金轮,象征能转动无上妙法以度众生,为密教如意轮法的本尊。在六观音或七观音之中,都有此尊,于六道中是度化天界众生的观音。
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

简介

  全称如意轮观世音菩萨。又作如意轮菩萨、如意轮王菩萨。梵名音译为振多摩尼,意译为如意珠轮。此尊观音手持如意宝珠,象征能生世间与出世间之二种财宝,以布施众生。手持金轮,象征能转无上妙法以度众。这是密教如意轮法的本尊。在六观音或七观音之中,都有此尊。此菩萨持如意宝珠及法轮,以广济一切众生之苦,成就众生之愿望。如意宝珠,指世间之珍宝及出世间实相之宝,此二宝能令众生生出福德。法轮,即转法轮之意,能令众生生出智德。此菩萨安置于密教现图胎藏界曼荼罗观音院中,密号为持宝金刚,三昧耶形为如意宝珠。
 
  轮,能催碎碾压一切魔境与罪业,消灭业障。一切魔王皆不能胜。此尊观音秘密号为”持宝金刚”,他头戴天冠,雍容华美,冠里有阿弥陀化佛像,顶髻庄严,圆光照摄.菩萨是男相,容颜俊美庄严,端正绝世,身上装饰各种无价的璎珞宝珠,花蔓缠绕,天衣婀娜,菩萨遍身金色,光明普照法界宇宙。
 
  如意轮观音的形象,种类甚多,计有二臂、四臂、六臂、八臂、十臂、十二臂等多种,比较常见的是六臂像。其中,具有二臂之如意轮观音像,为密教以前之佛像,与六臂如意轮观音广为世人所崇奉。为观世音菩萨变化身之一,属六观音中的救度天堂道者,列于莲花部。据《如意轮陀罗尼经》所记载,过去世时,观世音菩萨曾得到世尊的加持而宣说如意轮陀罗尼。此陀罗尼有大成神力,能满足有情众生的一切胜愿。如意轮观音,历代以来甚受崇敬。自古以来,在南洋印度尼西亚等国也有不少崇拜者。盖此菩萨自古即受到南海诸国之崇拜,我国敦煌千佛洞留有六臂如意轮观音之画像,锡兰爪哇日本等国,亦存有此菩萨之各种造像。
 
  在《如意轮瑜伽念诵法》中记载:“六臂身金色,顶以宝庄严,冠坐自在王(弥陀)住说法相。第一手思维,愍念有情故。第二手持如意宝,能满一切愿。第三手持念珠,为度傍生苦。左手按光明山,成就无倾动。第二持莲手,能净诸非法。第三挈轮子,能转无上法。六臂广博苦。左手按六道,以大方便,断诸有情苦。”因此六臂的如意轮观音,计有思维手、持如意宝手、持念珠(右方三手),以及按光明山手、持莲手、挈轮手(左方三手)。
 
  另外,此尊的相好尚有多种,也有右第二手不持如意宝珠者。以如意轮观音为本尊,为福德增起、意愿满足、诸罪减灭、诸苦拔济等动机所修之法称为如意轮观音法,或如意宝珠法。
 
  如意轮观音观音有大神咒,名《大莲花旃檀摩尼心轮如意宝轮王陀罗尼》,此法很少禁忌,但是威力巨大,犹如摩尼宝树与如意宝珠,能让一切宝物如雨而落,满足众生的愿望,获得出世和世间的财物。 依《如意轮陀罗尼经》所载,往昔之世,观世音菩萨曾得到世尊的加持,而宣说如意轮陀罗尼。此一陀罗尼有大威神,能满一切有情一切胜愿。依该经所载,其作用有两方面︰(一)在世间,(二)出世间。言世间者,所谓诵念课法胜愿成就,摄化有情,富贵资财、势力威德皆得成就。言出世间者,所谓福德慧解、资粮庄严,悲心增长,济度有情,众人爱敬。由于此一陀罗尼有此二大殊胜功能,因此后世也有不少佛教徒修持。而此一真言的本尊──如意轮观音,也甚受崇敬。自古以来,南海爪哇等国即颇有崇拜之者。日本的密教道场醍醐山,也以此尊为四度加行之十八道的本尊。
如意轮观音
            如意轮观音
【大莲花旃檀摩尼心轮如意宝轮王陀罗尼】:
 
南无佛陀耶 南无达摩耶 南无僧伽耶 南无观自在菩萨摩诃萨

具大悲心者 怛侄他

唵 斫羯啰伐底 震多末尼

摩诃 钵蹬眯 噜噜噜噜

底瑟咤 烁啰阿羯利

莎夜吽 波娑诃 唵 钵蹋摩

震多末尼 烁啰吽 唵 跋喇陀 跋亶迷吽
 
【心咒】:
 
唵 钵蹋摩 震多末尼 烁啰吽

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